Age related macular degeneration is a condition that results in degeneration of the retina. The eye is like a camera and the retina is the film. If the film is damaged, it doesn’t matter how well the light is focused.
There are two kinds of macular degeneration.
- The Dry form represents what most people have. It causes a gradual decline in vision that is progressive. Studies have shown that some patients with this type may benefit from eye vitamins.
- The Wet form is treatable with injections and can result in rapid visual loss. Some patients may also benefit from eye vitamins.
- It is important to monitor patients with the dry form because it can convert to the wet form. Monitoring patients with the wet form is important because it can reactivate and require repeat treatment.
Avoiding smoking is the most important modifiable risk factor to avoid macular degeneration. It is also accepted that wearing sunglasses outdoors is beneficial as well.